Rate of Allogrooming Vigilance in Ant Species as it Relates to Exoskeleton Morphology

Michael Taffe*, Susan Goethals, Clint Penick, Ph.D., Adrian Smith, Ph.D. *Corresponding Author: michaeltaffe3@gmail.com Cardinal Gibbons High School, 1401 Edwards Mill Rd. Raleigh, NC 27603 Abstract: Although extensive research has been performed on allogrooming behavior in mammals and birds, very little has been done on the allogrooming behaviors of insects. Ant allogrooming behavior is believed to contribute to the overall health of the colony due to their use of phenylacetic acid in grooming activities. This study […]

Examining the Efficacy of Hydrosols of Medicinal Plants Endemic to Guam Against Staphylococcus aureus

St. John’s School Guam Alice Yi Abstract Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bacterium that is commonly found on our epidermis. However, when one has an open wound, S. aureus can enter the wounds and cause severe infections. Unfortunately, certain strains of S. aureus has become resistant to penicillin, the antibiotic commonly used to treat S. aureus infections. As antibiotic-resistant bacteria increases, scientists have studied the effects of medicinal plant extracts against S. aureus, as […]

Lactose Assay using Spectrophotometry to detect and analyze Competitive Inhibition from ONPG

By: Melissa Manetsch and Maggie Shutts Abstract: The purpose of this research is to determine if it is possible to develop a qualitative assay to assess whether a sample containing an unknown concentration of lactose is below or above the threshold of an individual’s tolerance. Our research would then be able to determine if it is valid to create an assay in which quantifying the effects of varying concentrations of lactose on ONPG due to […]

Prediction of Critical Intracranial States through Medical Signal Processing

Tejas Thvar1, Abhejit Rajagopal 2 1Mountain View High School, 3535 Truman Ave, Mountain View, CA 94040 e-mail address: tthvar@gmail.com 2Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, 93106 ABSTRACT:    Intracranial hypertension and epileptic seizures are debilitating conditions. While surgical intervention can be lifesaving in these critical brain states, current state of the art monitoring/diagnostic techniques are inadequate as they detect these events after they occur. It is critical to develop predictive […]

SLC1A1, SLC6A2, SLC6A3, and SLC6A4: Novel Candidate Genes in Major Depressive Disorder

By Sriya Kudaravalli Within the past two decades, a lot of research has been done on the genetics behind cancer and diseases such as cystic fibrosis, anemia, Huntington’s disease, Down Syndrome, Turner Syndrome, and autism just to name a few. However, the medical field lacks sufficient research on the genetics behind psychiatric disorders, especially mood disorders such as Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), since the role of genetics in mood disorders has only recently been acknowledged. Before, […]