The HLA-DQB1 gene and its relationship with narcolepsy

Jose Antonio Muñoz-Arteaga, Clara Villamil-Castañeda, Alma Laura-Dávila and Benjamín Hernández-Campuzano Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey Cuernavaca Morelos Abstract Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that causes irregular sleep-wake cycles, sleep attacks, muscle paralysis, excessive sleepiness during daytime, and hallucinations. It is a fairly uncommon condition, estimated to affect around 1 of 1200 people. It is not a long-term physically threatening condition by itself, but the loss of consciousness during activities such as walking […]

SLC1A1, SLC6A2, SLC6A3, and SLC6A4: Novel Candidate Genes in Major Depressive Disorder

By Sriya Kudaravalli Within the past two decades, a lot of research has been done on the genetics behind cancer and diseases such as cystic fibrosis, anemia, Huntington’s disease, Down Syndrome, Turner Syndrome, and autism just to name a few. However, the medical field lacks sufficient research on the genetics behind psychiatric disorders, especially mood disorders such as Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), since the role of genetics in mood disorders has only recently been acknowledged. Before, […]

Innovative New Technology Attempting to Reduce Hospital Associated Infections

Kenneth Trang Introduction Today, the modern American is more likely than ever before to visit a hospital, local doctor, or any healthcare provider. In fact, 83% of Americans (268 million) visited a healthcare professional in 2015 ((Summary Health Statistics: National Health Interview Survey. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2015)). However, while hospitals do have general health benefits, visiting one exposes patients to a new risk: healthcare associated infections (HAIs), also known as nosocomial infections. […]

The Retrospective Overview on Bioengineering Application of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

Min Jae Kim Keywords: iPS Cell, ES cell, Regenerative Medicine, Bioengineering, Organ Transplant, Stem Cell, Yamanaka Shinya, disease model Abstract The creation of the first Induced-Pluripotent Stem cell (iPS cell) from mice fibroblast cells in 2006 was promising. Subsequently in 2007, attempt to induce adult human fibroblasts into IPS cell was successful (Takahashi et al., 2007), thus opening its universal application into regenerative medicine. From this innovation, the continuous studies have allowed the iPS cell […]

Mela-NO-More: Fighting Cancer with Immunotherapy

Author: Anika Markan Introduction: In 2017, approximately 87,110 new cases of  melanoma will be diagnosed and about 9,730 people are expected to die of melanoma. For the past 30 years, the rates of melanoma have been rising (Key Statistics for Melanoma Skin Cancer 1). There are many new treatments being discovered to treat melanoma everyday. Among the most common cancer treatments are chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Chemotherapy is a systemic therapy that targets growing cancer […]