Rate of Allogrooming Vigilance in Ant Species as it Relates to Exoskeleton Morphology

Michael Taffe*, Susan Goethals, Clint Penick, Ph.D., Adrian Smith, Ph.D. *Corresponding Author: michaeltaffe3@gmail.com Cardinal Gibbons High School, 1401 Edwards Mill Rd. Raleigh, NC 27603 Abstract: Although extensive research has been performed on allogrooming behavior in mammals and birds, very little has been done on the allogrooming behaviors of insects. Ant allogrooming behavior is believed to contribute to the overall health of the colony due to their use of phenylacetic acid in grooming activities. This study […]

Examining the Efficacy of Hydrosols of Medicinal Plants Endemic to Guam Against Staphylococcus aureus

St. John’s School Guam Alice Yi Abstract Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bacterium that is commonly found on our epidermis. However, when one has an open wound, S. aureus can enter the wounds and cause severe infections. Unfortunately, certain strains of S. aureus has become resistant to penicillin, the antibiotic commonly used to treat S. aureus infections. As antibiotic-resistant bacteria increases, scientists have studied the effects of medicinal plant extracts against S. aureus, as […]

Deep Sea Oil Trap: An Underwater Cleanup System for Platforms and Ships to Contain and Recapture Oil Plumes

  By: Sachin Narayan Abstract: Underwater oil plumes are an accumulation of oil microdroplets that, due to a number of factors (namely size, temperature, pressure, and currents), do not rise to the surface (Zhao, 2016). This research aims to better understand underwater oil plume dynamics and forces and test reusable materials and processes that effectively recapture the oil without causing further environmental damage. The work concluded that a two-part system involving containment and recapture provides […]

Phytoremediation: Utilizing Hyperaccumulator Plants to Extract Toxic Chemical Waste from Soil & Groundwater

By Luci C. Edenlord Soil and groundwater contaminants represent one of the most harmful pollutants in the world by destroying habitats, wrecking ecosystems, poisoning clean water and being a huge detriment to human and animal health. Imagine that by just planting a few simple seeds, the destruction would melt away without negatively affecting human and animal health and the environment. One field of sunflowers (Helianthus) has the capability to extract industrial contaminants such as lead […]

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) From Transmission to Novel Treatments Author: Miguel Nonaka Abstract: The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus is one of the recently discovered respiratory illnesses, in human beings. This disease was first identified in Saudi Arabia, in 20128. It has since spread to several other countries, such the Republic of Korea, causing a widespread panic. However, with the rise of modern treatments and preventions, new novel techniques will be developed and will […]