The Retrospective Overview on Bioengineering Application of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

Min Jae Kim Keywords: iPS Cell, ES cell, Regenerative Medicine, Bioengineering, Organ Transplant, Stem Cell, Yamanaka Shinya, disease model Abstract The creation of the first Induced-Pluripotent Stem cell (iPS cell) from mice fibroblast cells in 2006 was promising. Subsequently in 2007, attempt to induce adult human fibroblasts into IPS cell was successful (Takahashi et al., 2007), thus opening its universal application into regenerative medicine. From this innovation, the continuous studies have allowed the iPS cell […]

Mela-NO-More: Fighting Cancer with Immunotherapy

Author: Anika Markan Introduction: In 2017, approximately 87,110 new cases of  melanoma will be diagnosed and about 9,730 people are expected to die of melanoma. For the past 30 years, the rates of melanoma have been rising (Key Statistics for Melanoma Skin Cancer 1). There are many new treatments being discovered to treat melanoma everyday. Among the most common cancer treatments are chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Chemotherapy is a systemic therapy that targets growing cancer […]

A Novel Computational Genetics Framework for Identifying New Candidate Circulating Biomarkers of Heart Failure

Avanika Narayan Palo Alto Senior High School - Palo Alto, Ca Acknowledgments My sincere and heartfelt thanks to Dr. Euan Ashley for giving me the opportunity to perform research at the Falk Cardiovascular Center in Stanford University. I thank him for providing insight and direction to my research interests. I am grateful to Daryl Waggott, my primary mentor, who has been a constant pillar of support throughout this incredible experience. Daryl was always eager and […]

Gene Therapy for Sensorineural Hearing Loss

By Eshaan Soman Abstract Sensorineural hearing loss is a serious impairment that deprives more than 360 million people worldwide from one of their vital senses. Furthermore, more than 1.1 billion people are becoming increasingly susceptible to the condition as well (“Deafness and Hearing Loss”). Though common, this medical disability has no cure yet. However, gene therapy is an emerging treatment that is being developed to tackle the root causes of this morbidity. Introduction Humans interpret […]

Phytoremediation: Utilizing Hyperaccumulator Plants to Extract Toxic Chemical Waste from Soil & Groundwater

By Luci C. Edenlord Soil and groundwater contaminants represent one of the most harmful pollutants in the world by destroying habitats, wrecking ecosystems, poisoning clean water and being a huge detriment to human and animal health. Imagine that by just planting a few simple seeds, the destruction would melt away without negatively affecting human and animal health and the environment. One field of sunflowers (Helianthus) has the capability to extract industrial contaminants such as lead […]