Effects of Nitro-Oleic Acid on RAW-Blue™ Cell Activity

by David J Portnoy Abstract Chronic inflammatory disease affects millions of individuals around the world. Inflammation occurs when foreign bacteria bind to receptors on cell surfaces, thereby inducing macrophage activation. This series of actions leads to the release of pro-inflammatory molecules, like nitric oxide (NO), resulting in inflammation. A major driver of inflammatory responses is the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-kB). This study seeks to examine the interaction between OA-NO2 […]

Implementation and Feasibility of Artificial Muscles in Prosthesis

Implementation and Feasibility of Artificial Muscles in Prosthesis by Brady Russell Abstract Artificial Muscles (electroactive polymers, dielectric elastomers, etc.) have been looked at for potential use in prosthesis and orthotics. The purpose of this research is to look at the feasibility of using these current technologies, especially in their respective ability for load bearing capacity and power consumption. My focus was on three types of artificial muscles: Peano-HASEL actuators, McKibben actuators, and dielectric elastomers. All of […]

Ewing Sarcoma

Ewing Sarcoma by Mafalda von Alvensleben Ewing Sarcoma, though unbeknownst to most of the general population, is a type of pediatric cancer that affects the soft tissue or bone. Approximately 225 people in the United States are diagnosed with this disease each year, primarily those between the ages of ten and twenty, making it comprise about 1% of all pediatric cancers. Ewing Sarcoma is typically discovered via radio-imaging techniques and confirmed by a biopsy of the […]

The HLA-DQB1 gene and its relationship with narcolepsy

Jose Antonio Muñoz-Arteaga, Clara Villamil-Castañeda, Alma Laura-Dávila and Benjamín Hernández-Campuzano Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey Cuernavaca Morelos Abstract Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that causes irregular sleep-wake cycles, sleep attacks, muscle paralysis, excessive sleepiness during daytime, and hallucinations. It is a fairly uncommon condition, estimated to affect around 1 of 1200 people. It is not a long-term physically threatening condition by itself, but the loss of consciousness during activities such as walking […]

Rate of Allogrooming Vigilance in Ant Species as it Relates to Exoskeleton Morphology

Michael Taffe*, Susan Goethals, Clint Penick, Ph.D., Adrian Smith, Ph.D. *Corresponding Author: michaeltaffe3@gmail.com Cardinal Gibbons High School, 1401 Edwards Mill Rd. Raleigh, NC 27603 Abstract: Although extensive research has been performed on allogrooming behavior in mammals and birds, very little has been done on the allogrooming behaviors of insects. Ant allogrooming behavior is believed to contribute to the overall health of the colony due to their use of phenylacetic acid in grooming activities. This study […]