Expansion Measurement of the Edge Velocity of the Bubble Nebula (NGC 7635)

Expansion Measurement of the Edge Velocity of the Bubble Nebula (NGC 7635) Authors: Clyde Xu: The Hill School, Pottstown, PA; Fritz Ruppert: Brevard High School, Breard, NC; Juan Hernandez: Alamo Heights High School, San Antonio, TX   Abstract: In comparison to other nebulae, the Bubble Nebula certainly has not received much attention. Not enough detailed research has been conducted on the nebula and therefore more data are needed to have a comprehensive understanding of the nebula. According […]

Effects of Nitro-Oleic Acid on RAW-Blue™ Cell Activity

by David J Portnoy Abstract Chronic inflammatory disease affects millions of individuals around the world. Inflammation occurs when foreign bacteria bind to receptors on cell surfaces, thereby inducing macrophage activation. This series of actions leads to the release of pro-inflammatory molecules, like nitric oxide (NO), resulting in inflammation. A major driver of inflammatory responses is the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-kB). This study seeks to examine the interaction between OA-NO2 […]

Harvesting Kinetic Energy Through Linear Alternation

Harvesting Kinetic Energy Through Linear Alternation by Seth Woodbury, Lochlyn Reed, and Max Eyster Abstract The focus of this research was to harness human kinetics as an alternative energy source. Two body parts (shoulder and calf) of 20 randomly selected subjects were tested with a modified accelerometer that measured movement in all three dimensions which ultimately concluded the calf generates the most movement. A linear alternator was created to fit on the calf and utilize […]

Implementation and Feasibility of Artificial Muscles in Prosthesis

Implementation and Feasibility of Artificial Muscles in Prosthesis by Brady Russell Abstract Artificial Muscles (electroactive polymers, dielectric elastomers, etc.) have been looked at for potential use in prosthesis and orthotics. The purpose of this research is to look at the feasibility of using these current technologies, especially in their respective ability for load bearing capacity and power consumption. My focus was on three types of artificial muscles: Peano-HASEL actuators, McKibben actuators, and dielectric elastomers. All of […]